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    Anastassios D. Karayiannis, Democritus on ethics and economics

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    Johnathan R. Razorback
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    Date d'inscription : 12/08/2013
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    Anastassios D. Karayiannis, Democritus on ethics and economics

    Message par Johnathan R. Razorback le Mar 2 Déc - 18:52

    http://www.unipi.gr/faculty/tas/papers/23.pdf

    "Sinclair (1967, p.65) says that Democritus "general ethical outlook was similar to that of Socrates in its emphasis on character and duty and on the barrenness of the pursuit of bodily pleasures". [...] it is true that the ethical ideas of Democritus have deserved the favorable comments of many famous writers of antiquity. They have also been proved to have been very influential on Aristotle's and Plato's treatment of ethics." (p.3)

    "Democritus considered that the ultimate end of an individual is the fulfillment of a powerful incentive: the pursuit of "eudaimonia" or "superior pleasure" as Aristotle called it (Eudemian Ethics, 1214a,  §  5-10) accepting its motive power (Rhetoric, 1360b, §1-30; 1364, §20-5). "Eudaimonia" or "pleasure" for Democritus, is attributed to the equilibrium of the "psyche" (soul) and is attainable only through the moderation, wisdom, and education of individuals." (p.5)

    "The Abderetean philosopher was a defender of democracy and of the equalitarian principle of society, but only for the free citizens of a State. He believed so much in the superiority of democracy as to declare: "The poverty of a democracy is better than the prosperity which allegedly goes with an aristocracy or monarchy, just as liberty is better than slavery" (fr. 251)." (p.11)

    "Aristotle, following the steps of Democritus, became a defender of private ownership." (p.12)
    -Anastassios D. Karayiannis, "Democritus on ethics and economics", Rivista internazionale di scienze economiche e commerciali, 1988.



    _________________
    « La racine de toute doctrine erronée se trouve dans une erreur philosophique. [...] Le rôle des penseurs vrais, mais aussi une tâche de tout homme libre, est de comprendre les possibles conséquences de chaque principe ou idée, de chaque décision avant qu'elle se change en action, afin d'exclure aussi bien ses conséquences nuisibles que la possibilité de tromperie. » -Jacob Sher, Avertissement contre le socialisme, Introduction à « Tableaux de l'avenir social-démocrate » d'Eugen Richter, avril 1998.

    "Il y a, de nos jours, beaucoup de gens qui s'accommodent très aisément de cette espèce de compromis entre le despotisme administratif et la souveraineté du peuple, et qui pensent avoir assez garanti la liberté des individus, quand c'est au pouvoir national qu'ils la livrent. Cela ne me suffit point." -Alexis de Tocqueville, De la Démocratie en Amérique, vol II, Quatrième Partie : Chapitre VI, 1840.


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