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    Jerome Huyler, Was Locke a Liberal ?

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    Johnathan R. Razorback
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    Date d'inscription : 12/08/2013
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    Jerome Huyler, Was Locke a Liberal ?

    Message par Johnathan R. Razorback le Mar 26 Avr 2016 - 23:17

    http://www.independent.org/pdf/tir/tir_01_4_huyler.pdf

    "A more careful reading of Locke’s life and thought will reveal a socially active, intellectually commanding liberal theorist thoughtfully rejecting many of the major premises and features now commonly associated with liberalism (and, all too often, with Locke). In Locke’s words and deeds, we encounter a leading liberal openly embracing and sometimes demanding human activities and relationships now commonly considered illiberal." (p.524)

    "Along with Francis Bacon, Locke believed that knowledge was a power to improve the conditions of life for generations to come, and that the cooperative search for and sharing of knowledge would facilitate its advance in the world." (p.528)

    "Locke also could be a generous and humane benefactor to those who needed and deserved encouragement. Lady Damaris Cudworth Mashom, perhaps  the person who knew Locke best, wrote of her dear friend: He was naturally compassionate and exceedingly charitable to those in want. But his charity was always directed to encourage working, laborious, industrious people, and not to relieve idle beggars, to whom he never gave anything....  People who had been industrious, but were through age or infirmity passed labour, he was very bountiful to...[believing not] that they should be kept from starving or extreme misery...[but  that] they had, he said, a right to live comfortably in the world." (p.529)

    "It is not stretching things to say Locke devoted his entire life to patriotic service and the welfare of his country." (p.533)

    "The market rate of interest, he declared, should float as freely as the rate fetched by any other market commodity, such as land. The taking of interest and the taking of rent, he maintained, are morally equivalent and just. Therefore, public interference in the market’s allowance for interest taking or rent taking is a denial of justice." (p.536)

    "Because for Locke all political reasoning proceeds from the premise of human equality—that is, every individual being born with inherent, indefeasible rights—the principles of liberty and property apply for all. It is not that all men are equal in their native capacities." (p.536)

    "A government that can legitimately redistribute a single dollar, ducat, pence, pound, or parcel of land can, in principle, redistribute all the wealth in the world. This tendency is precisely what Locke’s philosophy of government and Shaftesbury’s resistance movement had to resist." (p.538)
    -Jerome Huyler, Was Locke a Liberal ?, The Independent Review, Vol 1, n°4, spring 1997, pp.523-542.


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    « La racine de toute doctrine erronée se trouve dans une erreur philosophique. [...] Le rôle des penseurs vrais, mais aussi une tâche de tout homme libre, est de comprendre les possibles conséquences de chaque principe ou idée, de chaque décision avant qu'elle se change en action, afin d'exclure aussi bien ses conséquences nuisibles que la possibilité de tromperie. » -Jacob Sher, Avertissement contre le socialisme, Introduction à « Tableaux de l'avenir social-démocrate » d'Eugen Richter, avril 1998.

    "Il y a, de nos jours, beaucoup de gens qui s'accommodent très aisément de cette espèce de compromis entre le despotisme administratif et la souveraineté du peuple, et qui pensent avoir assez garanti la liberté des individus, quand c'est au pouvoir national qu'ils la livrent. Cela ne me suffit point." -Alexis de Tocqueville, De la Démocratie en Amérique, vol II, Quatrième Partie : Chapitre VI, 1840.


      La date/heure actuelle est Dim 23 Sep 2018 - 10:16