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    Jill Locke & Eileen Hunt Botting, Feminist Interpretations of Alexis de Tocqueville

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    Johnathan R. Razorback
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    Date d'inscription : 12/08/2013
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    Jill Locke & Eileen Hunt Botting, Feminist Interpretations of Alexis de Tocqueville

    Message par Johnathan R. Razorback le Lun 2 Mar - 10:24

    https://books.google.fr/books?id=hmQHyusqSsYC&pg=PA334&dq=Gertrude+Himmelfarb&hl=fr&sa=X&ei=Czr0VPOJJ8ae7ganiIHoDw&ved=0CFoQ6AEwBzgU#v=onepage&q=Gertrude%20Himmelfarb&f=false

    "It was the Jacobins who first transformed women citizens into passive subjects, a process that can be traced at least from Amar's famous speech in 1793 on behalf of the Committee of General Security, urging the Convention to disband the Société des citoyennes républicaines révolutionnaires and end its scandalous political activities."

    "In Tocqueville's ideal reconstruction of American democratic gender relations, virtuous women, sequestered in the family, were barred from the public sphere by law, custom, and choice -praiseworthy exclusions that served to regulate what otherwise would have been social and political chaos."

    "In 1835, rejecting the urgent advice of his closest friends and incurring the displeasure of his family, Tocqueville chose to marry a woman either six or nine years older than he, an Englishwoman whom he had met at Versailles and who had been his mistress since 1828. She was not French, not noble, not wealthy, not beautiful, and already "old". This marriage was, in fact, a scandalous misalliance. With the successful publication of the first volume of Democracy in America, Tocqueville appears to have gained the confidence to break with convention and to arrange his life to suit himself. By his own account, je marriag -as did his hypothetical American girl - with his eyes open. A letter written to a cousin (not so much in advance of the marriage as to invite remonstration over his choice) adroitly finesses the primacy objections, but is quite clear-sighted about the advantages. He admires her intellect, soul, and character ; and most important, he is convinced that she will give him the interior happiness that he needs to make his way in the world. Whetever the difficulties of this union, he never regretted it."

    "Tocqueville was gravely disappointed that the Catholic Church did not oppose the Empire."

    "According to Tocqueville, women have the innate capacity -even the duty- to exercise independent rational judgment about political matters. Yet he believed their exclusion from the political action was so obviously necessary as to seem self-evident."
    -Cheryl B. Welch, Beyond the Bon Ménage. Tocqueville and the Paradox of Liberal Citoyennes, in Jill Locke & Eileen Hunt Botting, Feminist Interpretations of Alexis de Tocqueville.

    "For Tocqueville, family and "public" life are not radically distinguished from one another, in democracy or aristocracy."
    -Laura Janara, Democracy's Family Values, in Jill Locke & Eileen Hunt Botting, Feminist Interpretations of Alexis de Tocqueville.



    _________________
    « La racine de toute doctrine erronée se trouve dans une erreur philosophique. [...] Le rôle des penseurs vrais, mais aussi une tâche de tout homme libre, est de comprendre les possibles conséquences de chaque principe ou idée, de chaque décision avant qu'elle se change en action, afin d'exclure aussi bien ses conséquences nuisibles que la possibilité de tromperie. » -Jacob Sher, Avertissement contre le socialisme, Introduction à « Tableaux de l'avenir social-démocrate » d'Eugen Richter, avril 1998.

    "Il y a, de nos jours, beaucoup de gens qui s'accommodent très aisément de cette espèce de compromis entre le despotisme administratif et la souveraineté du peuple, et qui pensent avoir assez garanti la liberté des individus, quand c'est au pouvoir national qu'ils la livrent. Cela ne me suffit point." -Alexis de Tocqueville, De la Démocratie en Amérique, vol II, Quatrième Partie : Chapitre VI, 1840.


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